Evaluative beliefs as mediators of the relationship between parental bonding and symptoms of paranoia and depression

Carmen Valiente, Nuria Romero, Gonzalo Hervas, Regina Espinosa

Department of Clinical Psychology, School of Psychology, Complutense University of Madrid, Campus de Somosaguas, 28223 Madrid, Spain

Department of Psychology, School of Health Sciences, Camilo Jose Cela University, SpainThis study was aimed to explore the distinct pathways that lead to depression and paranoia. We first examined the association of dysfunctional parenting experiences and negative self-evaluations in depression and paranoia. Furthermore, we also examined whether different self-evaluative beliefs could mediate the relationships between dysfunctional parenting experiences (i.e. parental overprotection or lack of care) and the development of depression and paranoia. A sample composed of 55 paranoid patients, 38 depressed patients and 44 healthy controls completed the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI), the Evaluative Beliefs Scale (EBS) and some clinical scales. Our analyses revealed that lack of parental care and negative self–self evaluations were associated with depression symptoms. Analyses also revealed that parental overprotection and negative other–self evaluations were associated with paranoid symptoms. Furthermore, negative self–self and other–self evaluations fully mediated the relationship of parental overprotection and paranoia, whereas negative self–self evaluations partially mediated the relationship between lack of parental care and depression. These findings suggest that distinct patterns of parental practices may contribute to the development of different dysfunctional schemas which in turn may lead to either depression or paranoia.